Greek city考古学家开采古希腊(Ελλάδα卡塔尔(قطر‎都会关心,Tel Aviv特斯拉夫(Israel一个港口城市卡塔尔国


The remains of a 5,000-year-old cityhave been discovered in Israel - the largest and oldest such find in the region.5000岁的照旧是cityhave被发今后以色列国——在该地段最大和最古老的这一个开掘。The city was home to 6,000 people and included planned roads, neighbourhoods, a ritual temple and fortifications.城市安排是6000人,富含道路、居民区、古寺仪式和防范工事。Aneven earlier settlement, believed to be 7,000 years old, was discovered beneath the city.更早解决,据信是7000岁,被察觉在这里个城市。Israeli archaeologists said the discovery was the most significant in the region from that era.Israel考古学家说,这么些开掘是该地点最珍视的有的时候。"This is the Early Bronze Age New York of our region; a cosmopolitan and planned city where thousands of inhabitants lived," the excavation directors said in a statement.“那是本地点的青铜器时期开始的一段时期London;八个世界性的和安排的城堡,数不清的城里人生活,“开掘董事在大器晚成份表明中说。"There is no doubt that this site dramatically changes what we know about the character of the period and the beginning of urbanization in Israel," the statement added.“无可反驳,我们清楚这几个网址醒目扭转时代的性状和城乡一体化的上马在Israel,”该注明补充道。Known as En Esur, the site spans 650 dunams (161 acres卡塔尔, about double the size of previous similar findings. The design of the city included designated residential and public areas, streets and alleys, the 以色列国 Antiquities Authority said.称为Esur,网址逾越了650杜纳亩(161英亩卡塔尔,大致两倍的分寸以前近似的结果。城市的陈设满含钦赐的宅院和青天白日,街道和小巷,Israel文管局说。About four million fragments were found at the site, including rare figurines of humans and animals, pieces of pottery and various tools, some of which came from Egypt.大概四百万个杂乱无章被发将来现场,包蕴罕有的人类和动物的雕刻,陶器和各样工具,当中有的源点埃及。Burnt animal bones found on the site provided evidence of sacrificial offerings. Inhabitants of the city - who were likely drawn to the area by two fresh water springs, fertile land and proximity to trade routes - made their living from agriculture, trading with different regions and cultures.焚烧动物骨骼上发掘捐躯付加物的网址提供了证据。城市的城里人,有望引发到该地区由四个淡水泉,肥沃的土地和贴近贸易路径——从种植业谋生,与差别地段的交易和学识。Archeologists had been excavating the site for more than two and a half years, with 5,000 teenagers and volunteers participating. The settlement was discovered during excavations preceding the construction of a new road.考古学家开掘网站已经超先生越五年半,有5000子弟和志愿者插足。解除被发今后钻井前一条新路的建设。Uncovering secrets of mystery civilization in Saudi Arabia在沙特阿拉伯揭发隐私神秘的雍容How lasers revealed a lost city in the jungle激光在山林中开采了痛苦之城怎么着Archaeologists find ancient Greek city考古学家发掘古The Republic of Greece城市关切“新国外” 国外情报一手通晓评释:本页面内容,意在为满意相近客商的音讯需求而无偿提供,并不是广告服务性新闻。页面所载内容,仅供客商参照他事他说加以考查和借鉴。

reiterate their stance 强调立场

restore the garden to its former glory

sovereign state 主权国家

According to the Book of Revelation, Armageddon is the prophesied location of a gathering of armies for a battle during the end times, variously interpreted as either a literal or a symbolic location.

"This is a long overdue step to advance the peace process and to work towards a lasting agreement," Trump said, arguing his announcement is just a "recognition of reality," and is "not intended in any way to reflect a departure" from the US commitment to a lasting peace agreement "acceptable to both sides" of Israel and Palestine.

Large amounts of Assyrian sculpture and other artifacts have been excavated and are now located in museums around the world.

Temple Mount  圣殿山

From the end of the seventh century BC to the mid-seventh century AD, it survived as a geopolitical entity, for the most part ruled by foreign powers, although a number of Neo-Assyrian states arose at different times during the Parthian and early Sasanian Empires between the mid-second century BC and late third century AD, a period which also saw Assyria become a major centre of Syriac Christianity and the birthplace of the Church of the East.

The plan was approved, but fighting following Israel's declaration of independence left the city divided. Jordan occupied the east; Israel, the west. It remained this way until the 1967 Six-Day War, when Israel captured the eastern part of the city as well and claimed all of it as its capital. Amid peace negotiations in 2000, Ariel Sharon, then the Israeli opposition leader, visited the Temple Mount/Noble Sanctuary. Palestinians rioted the next day and it turned into a five-year uprising, the Second Intifada.


Saudi Arabia 沙特阿拉伯

混合物 a French-speaking region with an admixture of German speakers

recognition of reality 对现实的明确

* Solomon

Old City and the West Bank旧城和约旦河西岸

The term Canaanites serves as an ethnic catch-all(涵义甚广的) term covering various indigenous(本地的) populations—both settled and nomadic-pastoral groups(游牧民族)—throughout the regions of the southern Levant or Canaan. It is by far the most frequently used ethnic term in the Bible,[2] which commonly describes Canaanites as a people which, in the Book of Joshua are marked down on a list as one of the nations to be exterminated, and later as a group which the Israelites had annihilated.

a plateau  高原上

* prodigious 巨大的,伟大的

Earlier, the Palestinian authorities have reiterated their stance that there will be no sovereign state of Palestine without East Jerusalem as its capital

Nineveh was an ancient Assyrian city of Upper Mesopotamia, located on the outskirts of Mosul in modern-day northern Iraq. It is on the eastern bank of the Tigris River, and was the capital of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.

specific boundaries 具体边界难题

* scrap

view the reports that we have heard with concern 听闻相关电视发表,大家认为很忧心


Second Intifada.第二次起义

Megiddo was the location of various ancient battles, including one in the 15th century BC and one in 609 BC.

begin the process 运维进度

The region comprises most of the territory claimed for the biblical regions known as the Land of Israel, the Holy Land or Promised Land. Historically, it has been known as the southern portion of wider regional designations such as Canaan, Syria, ash-Sham, and the Levant.

flashpoint  闪光点

cloudland 仙境,梦之中世界

magnificent tribute伟大献礼

creed 信念,原则;纲领;宗教信仰 (the Creed 【佛教】信经)

NATO 武大西洋合同(North Altantic Treaty Organization)

e.g. It rests with the management to make the decision.

Speaking of the relocation of the US embassy, Trump said the State Department will immediately begin to hire architects, engineers and planners, so as to make the new embassy "a magnificent tribute to peace" when it is completed.

如出生龙活虎辙作名词时,能够表示 蒙蔽处;幽深处

Palestinian authorities Palestine内阁

vizier 维齐(旧时有些穆斯林国家的高官)

for national security interests 出于国家安全利益

David was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the second king of the United Kingdom of Israel and Judah, reigning in c. 1010–970 BCE.

Jerusalem has often been a flashpoint.Deadly riots targeting Jewish communities erupted in 1929 over the city's most contentious holy site, known as the Temple Mount to Jews and the Noble Sanctuary to Muslims. Recognizing the religious sensitivities, the United Nations proposed a partition plan in 1947 that created two separate states but called for Jerusalem to be under international control.


Jewish prayer 犹太朝圣者

Solomon, also called Jedidiah, was, according to the Bible (Book of Kings: 1 Kings 1–11; Book of Chronicles: 1 Chronicles 28–29, 2 Chronicles 1–9), Quran, hadith and Hidden Words a fabulously wealthy and wise king of Israel and a son of David, the previous king of Israel.

in the best interests of the United States of America 切合美利哥的裨益

The term is also used in a generic sense to refer to any end of the world scenario.

frantic 疯狂的

lapse into sth

have responsibility for these areas.覆盖如上地区

e.g. to lapse into unconciousness/a coma

places sacred to the three Abrahamic religions三个亚伯拉罕的宗派圣地

heyday 最为强盛、最为繁盛的不经常 in her heyday

Anticipating protests  现身抗议在预料之中

the spoils 赃物,战利品

officially recognize 正式承认

Centered on the Tigris(底格Rees河) in Upper Mesopotamia (modern northern Iraq, northeastern Syria, southeastern 土耳其共和国 and the northwestern fringes of 伊朗State of Qatar, the Assyrians came to rule powerful empires at several times. Making up a substantial part of the greater Mesopotamian "cradle of civilization", which included Sumer(苏美), the Akkadian Empire(阿Card帝国), and Babylonia, Assyria was at the height of technological, scientific and cultural achievements for its time. At its peak, the Assyrian empire stretched from Cyprus and the East Mediterranean to 伊朗伊斯兰共和国, and from what is now 亚美尼亚 and Azerbaijan共和国 in the Caucasus, to the Arabian Peninsula, 阿拉伯Egypt共和国 and eastern Libya国.

Jerusalem has often been a flashpoint

* The Philistines

opposition leader 批驳首领

nay (old-fashioned卡塔尔(قطر‎不仅如此

final status issues 最后地位难题

Sargon appears as a legendary figure in Neo-Assyrian literature of the 8th to 7th centuries BC. Tablets with fragments of a Sargon Birth Legend were found in the Library of Ashurbanipal.

a long overdue step 早该利用的一步

Elam was part of the early urbanization during the Chalcolithic period (铜石并用一代)(Copper Age卡塔尔(قطر‎. The emergence of written records from around 3000 BC also parallels Sumerian history, where slightly earlier records have been found.

He added that maintaining Jerusalem's status quo was important "in order to avoid adding new elements of tension to an already volatile world that is wracked by so many cruel conflicts."

* Assyria 亚述

status quo 现状

作名词的时候,能够象征 壁橱:a recess for books,当做动词的时候能够这样说:recessed shelves 凹进墙壁的格子架

territorial integrity for all.尊重领土完整

衰退 His concentration lapsed after a few minutes.

maintains a consulate 设立了领事馆

granary 谷仓

George W. Bush, Bill Clinton and Barack Obama, consistently renewed a presidential waiver to delay the relocation out of consideration for national security interests.

autograph (有名气的人的)亲笔签字

Brussels 芝加哥

Assyria was a major Mesopotamian East Semitic-speaking(闪米特语系的) kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East. It existed as a state from perhaps as early as the 25th century BC in the form of the Assur city-state, until its lapse between 612 BC and 599 BC, spanning the Early to Middle Bronze Age through to the late Iron Age.

independent mission 独立的代表团体

* Sargon of Akkad

"Jerusalem is a unique city, sacred for Jews, Christians and Muslims


Bush 小布什    Clinton克林顿

The Hittites were an Ancient Anatolian people who established an empire centered on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC.

work towards a lasting agreement 达成长久协议

e.g. The way ahead is strewn with difficulties.

broker peace 推动和平

In classical literature, Elam was also known as Susiana, which is a name derived from its capital, Susa.

encompass 满含 此处翻译均位居此


Amid peace negotiations 和谈

基于,以...为基础 e.g. The whole argument rests on a false assumption.

traditionally Arab neighborhoods.阿拉伯人古板聚集地

e.g. Women tended to be relegated to typing and filling jobs.

Jesus' Crucifixion 耶稣受难

a prodigiously talented musician 有骇人据书上说天禀的美学家(那边已经比较贴近程度副词了)

acceptable to both sides 两方都可选择

high road to sth  最直接的艺术

The Jewish temple, destroyed by Rome in A.D. 70, was located on a plateau that is now home to the A.l-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock, a centuries-old shrine that Muslims revere as the place where the Prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven. The Western Wall, located below the plateau, is part of the ancient temple complex and the most sacred site of Jewish prayer. Nearby, according to Christian belief, are the sites of Jesus' Crucifixion, death and Resurrection.

restore your sight

President Bill Clinton hosted two weeks of talks at Camp David in 2000, the closest the two sides ever came to a deal. Trump is now the 10th U.S. president dealing with the conflict.

维持,保持 e.g. the sustenance of democracy

overdue 过期的,迟到的

* Phoenicians' love for trade hhh They are really telented in business.

Deadly riots targeting Jewish communities 犹太群体为目标的动乱


up to the parties involved 由两岸决定

Thebes, known to the ancient Egyptians as Waset, was an ancient Egyptian city located east of the Nile about 800 kilometers (500 mi) south of the Mediterranean.

Medieval maps 中世纪地图

* Hittites

left the city divided 诱致城市分化

fallible 会犯错误的

Tel Aviv特斯拉夫(Israel三个港口城市卡塔尔

u.n. 废料,废品

establish the principle 建构标准

* Attica

avoid adding new elements of tension 防止成立新的恐慌形势

The name Canaan occurs commonly in the Hebrew Bible, with particular definition in references Genesis 10 and Numbers 34, where the "Land of Canaan" extends from Lebanon southward to the "Brook of Egypt" and eastward to the Jordan River Valley. References to Canaan in the Bible are usually backward-looking, referring to a region that had become something else (i.e., the Land of Israel).

The United States maintains a consulate in Jerusalem, an independent mission that represents the U.S. in Jerusalem, the West Bank and Gaza. The U.S. Embassy in Tel Aviv does not have responsibility for these areas.

In later years, in mostly non-biblical circles, Solomon also came to be known as a magician and an exorcist(驱魔者), with numerous amulets and medallion seals dating from the Hellenistic period(the period between the death of Alexander the Great and the emergence of the Roman Empire when Greek culture was in its heyday around Europe, Africa and Asia) invoking his name.

turned into a five-year uprising蜕变为八年起义


British foreign minister Boris Johnson, speaking as he arrived for a NATO meeting in Brussels, said "we view the reports that we have heard with concern, because we think that Jerusalem obviously should be part of the final settlement between the Israelis and the Palestinians, a negotiated settlement." Turkey said it risked igniting a "fire" in the Middle East

After the emergence of the Akkadian Empire, Akkad came to designate the area between Nippur and Sippar.

under international control 由联合国处理

图片 1

Dome of the Rock 圆顶清真寺

* Vocabulary:

Medieval maps show Jerusalem at the center of the known world, with good reason: Historic Jerusalem encompasses places sacred to the three Abrahamic religions.

* Nineveh

final settlement 最终协商

* tear asunder

Anticipating protests, US government officials and their families have been ordered to avoid Jerusalem's Old City and the West Bank.

strew A with B 那么些除了平常用法之外,还也可以有fig.的用法:

reflect a departure 反映出违背

pharaoh 法老

established residence 定居

Situated at a strategic location between Egypt, Syria and Arabia, and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity, the region has a long and tumultuous history as a crossroads for religion, culture, commerce, and politics.

Following Israel's capture of East Jerusalem in 1967, the city's borders were redrawn, tripling its size. Some 200,000 Jewish Israelis have moved to the eastern side of the city, and a small number of Jewish nationalists have established residence within traditionally Arab neighborhoods.


called for 要求

lapse from sth 背弃,放弃(宗教信仰)

ancient temple complex明代声势浩大圣殿


I am determined that it is time to officially recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel," said Trump, adding he judged "this cause of action to be in the best interests of the United States of America and the pursuit of peace between Israel and the Palestinians.

并不设有的,虚无的 fictitious

the closest the two sides ever came to a deal.双方最有异常的大恐怕到达豆蔻梢头致协商的三回巴以交涉

小错,疏忽 a lapse of concentration/memory

relocation 迁址

In the Old Elamite period (Middle Bronze Age), Elam consisted of kingdoms on the Iranian plateau, centered in Anshan, and from the mid-2nd millennium BC, it was centered in Susa in the Khuzestan lowlands.

Jews 犹太人

It was the largest city in the world for some fifty years until the year 612 BC when, after a bitter period of civil war in Assyria, it was sacked by a coalition of its former subject peoples, the Babylonians, Medes, Chaldeans, Persians, Scythians and Cimmerians.

The consulate consists of a historic building in West Jerusalem and a much larger new facility built in the south of the city, directly on the so-called Green Line, the 1949 armistice line between Israel and Jordan.

Attica is a historical region that encompasses the city of Athens, the capital of Greece. The historical region is centered on the Attic peninsula, which projects into the Aegean Sea. The history of Attica is tightly linked with that of Athens, which, from the classical period, was one of the most important cities in the ancient world.

death and Resurrection 枯树新芽

此外,reinstate还足以与restore同义:reinstate the death penalty

commitment to a lasting peace agreement 推进深切和平协商的允诺

依靠,依赖 e.g. All of our hopes rest on you.

created two separate states创设四个独立国家

图片 2

fighting following  随之而来的战斗

During the first millennium BCE, Akkad was used as a name not only for the northern half of Babylonia, but also for Sumer. The meaning of the name is unknown.

Earlier 此前


In a frantic series of calls, the leaders of Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Jordan, the European Union, France, Germany and Turkey all warned Trump against the move.

quietude 宁静

senior administration official 政坛高端官员

It was a cult(教派信仰) center and the wealthiest city of ancient 阿拉伯Egypt共和国 at its heyday. The site of Thebes includes areas on both the eastern bank of the Nile, where the temples of Karnak and Luxor stand and the city proper situated; and the western bank, where a necropolis(大墓地) of large private and royal cemeteries and funerary complexes can be found.

been ordered  被要求

pun 双关语

proposed a partition plan提出了分治计划

serf (旧时)农奴

US President Donald Trump announced Wednesday his official recognition of Jerusalem as the capital city of Israel, and instructed the State Department to begin the process of moving the US embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

decrepit 衰老的

this cause of action 行动布署

e.g. the principles embodied in the Declaration of Human Rights

tripling its size 面积是本来的三倍

In the Bible it corresponds to the Levant(黎凡特), in particular to the areas of the Southern Levant that provide the main setting of the narrative of the Hebrew Bible, i.e., the area of Israel, Philistia, Phoenicia, and other nations.

A.l-Aqsa Mosque 阿克萨清真寺

Sargon of Akkad was the first ruler of the Semitic-speaking Akkadian Empire, known for his conquests of the Sumerian city-states in the 24th to 23rd centuries BC.

redrawn 重新划定

* Thebes

Jordan约旦      Turkey 土耳其

a prodigious achievement/memory/talent

圣城 Jerusalem  以色列国 Israel

图片 3

Jewish temple  犹太圣堂


contentious holy site 有纠纷的圣地

凝视 e.g. Her eyes rested on the piece of paper.

sacred for 是……心中的圣地

embody sth 包括,包含,收录

Just 11 days after the 1967 war, President Lyndon Johnson laid out a five-point plan for peace, which included "territorial integrity for all." Johnson's plan didn't go anywhere, but it established the principle of U.S. presidents trying to broker peace between the Israelis and the Palestinians.

Elamite states were among the leading political forces of the Ancient Near East.

Prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven  先知穆罕默德升天的地点

Chronology of the main dominations in Ancient Mesopotamia

State Department 国务院

She ate prodigiously. 她饭量惊人。

Nearby  不远之处

* lapse 哎,又是个广大广大用法的词。


Canaan had significant geopolitical importance in the Late Bronze Age Amarna period (14th-century BC) as the area where the spheres of interest of the Egyptian, Hittite, Mitanni and Assyrian Empires converged. Much of the modern knowledge about Canaan stems from archaeological excavation in this area at sites such as Tel Hazor, Tel Megiddo, and Gezer.

US embassy U.S.民代表大会使馆

be relegated to

It will take some time to find a site, to address security concerns, design a new facility, fund a new facility and build it," a senior administration official said.

* sustenance

waiver  放弃

After its fall from power, the greater remaining part of Assyria was a geopolitical region and province of other empires, although between the mid-2nd century BC and late 3rd century AD a patchwork(拼凑之物) of small independent Assyrian kingdoms arose in the form of Ashur, Adiabene, Osroene, Beth Nuhadra, Beth Garmai and Hatra. The region of Assyria fell under the successive control of the Median Empire, the Achaemenid Empire, the 马其顿共和国n Empire, the Seleucid Empire, the Parthian Empire, the 罗曼 Empire, and the Sasanian Empire. The Arab Islamic Conquest in the mid-seventh century finally dissolved Assyria (AssuristanState of Qatar as a single entity, after which the remnants of the Assyrian people (by now 克赖斯特ians卡塔尔 gradually became an ethnic, linguistic, cultural and religious minority in the Assyrian homeland, surviving there to this day as an indigenous people of the region.

didn't go anywhere 并不曾拿走实在展开

The conventional dates of Solomon's reign are circa 970 to 931 BC, normally given in alignment with the dates of David's reign. He is described as the third king of the United Monarchy, which would break apart into the northern Kingdom of Israel and the southern Kingdom of Judah shortly after his death. Following the split, his patrilineal(父系的) descendants ruled over Judah alone.

immediately begin to hire architect, engineers and planners, 立即约请建筑师,程序员和规划师

* David

find a site, to address security concerns, design a new facility, fund a new facility and build it 选址,安全保卫难题,设计,出资和建设

* high road (highroad卡塔尔国 公路干线,交通要道

claimed all of it as its capital 公布aL-Quds为以色列国京城

She's interested in him for purely mercenary reasons.

诺Bell Sanctuary 华贵的避难所

哥瑞ing to the Talmud(《塔木德经》,犹太南宋法典), Solomon is one of the 48 prophets. In the Quran, he is considered a major prophet, and Muslims generally refer to him by the Arabic variant(变体) Sulayman, son of 戴维. Solomon was, according to the Qur'an, a king of ancient 以色列国 as well as the son of David.

captured the eastern part of the city占有了都市西部

* rest on

not taking a position of 不持立场

restore traditions

announcement 承认

Elam was an ancient Pre-Iranian civilization centered in the far West and Southwest of what is now modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of what is now Khuzestan and Ilam Province as well as a small part of southern Iraq.

the pursuit of peace 追求和平

图片 4


进展一下,还也许有个rest with 是...的职务/本分之事

We are not taking a position of any final status issues, including the specific boundaries of the Israeli sovereignty in Jerusalem or the resolution of contested borders," he said. "Those questions are up to the parties involved."

principality 公国,侯国

resolution of contested borders 对有争议边境的决议

Depicted as a valorous warrior of great renown, a poet, and musician credited for composing many of the psalms(赞美诗) contained in the Book of Psalms, King David is viewed in biblical sources as a righteous and effective king both in battle and in providing civil and criminal justice. He is described as a man after God's own heart in 1 Samuel 13:14 and Acts 13:22.

revere centuries-old shrine 尊崇数百余年历史的圣殿


armistice line 停战线

The Hebrew prophets regarded him as the ancestor of the future messiah. The New Testament says he was an ancestor of Jesus.

laid out a five-point plan for peace建议推动巴以和平的五项原则

The history of the Hittite civilization is known mostly from cuneiform texts found in the area of their kingdom, and from diplomatic and commercial correspondence found in various archives in Assyria, Babylonia, Egypt and the Middle East, the decipherment of which was also a key event in the history of Indo-European linguistics.

In a frantic series of calls 纷纭致电

图片 5

renew a presidential waiver 等United States前线总指挥部统放任


riot 之前起义

Its culture played a crucial role during the Persian Achaemenid dynasty that succeeded Elam, when the Elamite language remained among those in official use.

wracked 通透到底破坏

e.g. He was reinstated in his post.

not intended in any way 无意以别的方法

* the skirts of a forest/hill/village etc: the outside edge of ...

advance the peace process 拉动和平进度

e.g. to scrap plans of a new school building

risk igniting a "fire" 吸引大战

Its ruins are across the river from the modern-day major city of Mosul, in the Ninawa Governorate of Iraq.

lathe 车床

e.g. He took the high road in his campaign.

* Akkad (region)

Thebes was the main city of the fourth Upper Egyptian nome(【古埃及】省) (Sceptre nome). It was close to Nubia and the eastern desert, with their valuable mineral resources and trade routes.

* recess 习感到常义不谈。


etymological 词源的

* reinstate sb in/at sth 使苏醒原职

strip 狭长地带

Blue: the Palestinian territories

scraps 残羹剩饭


Canaan was a Semitic-speaking region in the Ancient Near East during the late 2nd millennium BC.

The Hittite language was a distinct member of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European language family, and along with the related Luwian language, is the oldest historically attested Indo-European language. They referred to their native land as Hatti. The conventional name "Hittites" is due to their initial identification with the Biblical Hittites in 19th century archaeology. Despite their use of the name Hatti for their core territory, the Hittites should be distinguished from the Hattians, an earlier people who inhabited the same region (until the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC) and spoke an unrelated language known as Hattic which was probably a language isolate but may have been a Northwest Caucasian language.

alike = (adv.) both/equally

The region has been controlled by numerous peoples, including Ancient Egyptians, Canaanites, Israelites and Judeans, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Ancient Greeks and Macedonians, the Jewish Hasmonean Kingdom, Romans, Byzantines, the Arab Rashidun, Umayyad, Abbasid and Fatimid caliphates, Crusaders, Ayyubids, Mamluks, Mongols, Ottomans, the British, and modern Israelis, Jordanians, Egyptians and Palestinians.

disinter 从违规刨出(尤指尸体);发掘(埋藏相当久的事物)

hieroglyph 象形文字

Red: Mandatory Palestine

Palestine is a geographic region in Western Asia between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River. It is sometimes considered to include adjoining territories.

The Sumerian king list makes him the cup-bearer to king Ur-Zababa of Kish. His empire is thought to have included most of Mesopotamia, parts of the Levant, besides incursions into Hurrite and Elamite territory, ruling from his (archaeologically as yet unidentified) capital, Akkad (also Agade).

* Canaan

cadastral 地籍的

e.g. a young politician who embodies the hope of the Black youth

defile 山中狭径


be restored to health


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We see the history of countries in the Middle East revolving one certain place which generally refers to Palestine and Israel in modern times, while Canaan in ancient times.

Its ruins lie within the modern Egyptian city of Luxor.

After c. 1180 BC, during the Bronze Age collapse, the Hittites splintered into several independent "Neo-Hittite" city-states, some of which survived until the 8th century BC before succumbing to(屈服,屈从) the Neo-Assyrian Empire.

restore your faith in human nature

e.g. He soon lapsed back into his old ways. 他赶快又犯老毛病了。

be embodied in sth

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This empire reached its height during the mid-14th century BC under Suppiluliuma I, when it encompassed an area that included most of Anatolia as well as parts of the northern Levant and Upper Mesopotamia. Between the 15th and 13th centuries BC the Hittite Empire came into conflict with the Egyptian Empire, Middle Assyrian Empire and the empire of the Mitanni for control of the Near East. The Assyrians eventually emerged as the dominant power and annexed much of the Hittite empire, while the remainder was sacked by Phrygian newcomers to the region.

e.g. a scrap of difference

restore the public confidence in economy

* Tel Megiddo (Armageddon)

碎片,小块 a scrap of paper

obsidian 黑曜岩

* on the ground of 那八个月得是境遇一回了吗,再提一下,要学会用啊!

take the high road in sth 选拔最积极的行路大旨

restore old paintings 那几个理应很布满啦

(合同、协议等)失效;期满终止 She had allowed her membership to lapse.

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The boundaries of the region have changed throughout history. Today, the region comprises the State of Israel and the Palestinian territories in which the State of Palestine was declared.

Green: Roman Province

He was the founder of the "Sargonic" or "Old Akkadian" dynasty, which ruled for about a century after his death, until the Gutian conquest of Sumer.

"Mount" Tel Megiddo is not actually a mountain, but a tell (a hill created by many generations of people living and rebuilding on the same spot) on which ancient forts were built to guard the Via Maris, an ancient trade route linking Egypt with the northern empires of Syria, Anatolia and Mesopotamia.

peremptorily 专横地,霸道地,不容切磋地

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e.g. This is the high road to democracy.

The Hittite military made successful use of chariots, and although belonging to the Bronze Age, the Hittites were the forerunners of the Iron Age, developing the manufacture of iron artifacts(工艺品) from as early as the 18th century BC; at this time, gifts from the "man of Burushanda" of an iron throne and an iron sceptre to the Kaneshite king Anitta were recorded in the Anitta text inscription.

* strew

Assyria is named after its original capital, the ancient city of Aššur, which dates to c. 2600 BC, originally one of a number of Akkadian city states in Mesopotamia. In the 25th and 24th centuries BC, Assyrian kings were pastoral leaders. From the late 24th century BC, the Assyrians became subject to Sargon of Akkad, who united all the Akkadian- and Sumerian-speaking peoples of Mesopotamia under the Akkadian Empire, which lasted from c. 2334 BC to 2154 BC.

* Shinar

commencement 最初;学位付与典礼,结业仪式

* mercenary

Site remains suffered in the 2010s from the occupation of the area by ISIS. Iraqi forces recaptured the area in January 2017.

* embody 具体展示 =represent

The term used in the Hebrew Bible for the general region of Mesopotamia.

restore the painting to its rightful owner 完璧归赵

e.g. The new model embodies many new features.



* Elam

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* mythical 遗闻里的 =legendary

* furnish sb with sth 向(某个人或某件事物)供应,提供

cuneiform 楔形文字

混合 an admixture of aggression and creativity

e.g. a mercenary society/attitude


She lapsed into silence again.

* Palestine (region)

She's just a scrap of a thing. 她只是个不起眼的小东西。

The two main tells, or mound-ruins, within the walls are Kouyunjik (Kuyuncuk), the Northern Palace, and Tell Nabī Yūnus.

e.g. She furnished him with the facts surrounding the case.

outpost 前哨;偏远村镇

* The overview map of ancient Near East

e.g. the mythical 'rich uncle' that he boasts about

subvert = undermine

* admixture

Akkad is the historical name of a region in northern Mesopotamia around the city of Akkad, probably near the confluence of the Diyala with the Tigris.

Solomon is the subject of many other later references and legends, most notably in the 1st-century apocryphal(听说但相差为凭的) work known as the Testament of Solomon.

用心它的fig.用法:The doubt was still there, in the deep recess of her mind.

scribe 抄写员,抄书吏(印制术发明从前)

The Hebrew Bible credits him as the builder of the First Temple in Jerusalem. It portrays him as great in wisdom, wealth, and power beyond any of the previous kings of the country, but ultimately as a human king who sinned. His sins included idolatry(盲目崇拜), marrying foreign women, and ultimately turning away from Yahweh, and led to the kingdom's being torn in two during the reign of his son Rehoboam.

personage 要人,名人

usurp 篡夺,篡权 (usurpation n.)

vassal 封臣,家臣;附庸国

The Philistines were an ancient people primarily known for their conflict with the Israelites described in the Bible. The primary source about the Philistines is the Hebrew Bible, but they are first attested in reliefs at the Temple of Ramses III at Medinet Habu, where they are called Peleset, accepted as cognate with Hebrew P'léšet. Assyrian sources also refer to Pilišti and Palaštu, also believed to be cognate with P'léšet.

把...布满: strew A on/across/over etc. = scatter

* relegate 使降级

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* restore那几个词从前没怎么放在心上过...首若是和谐每一回不用,哎。

scraps of information 零星的音信

He relegated the incident to the back of his mind. 这句蛮风趣的:他把那事抛诸脑后。